Ethnic education systems strengthening includes the systems established by civilian administrations associated with Ethnic Armed Organisations (EAO) and networks of community-run schools supported by civil society organisations in ethnic areas.
These have evolved where government schools have not been available, or have been unable to provide acceptable, relevant quality education; factors that have of themselves contributed to the economic disparity and social exclusion that have been key drivers of conflict.
Ethnic schools have many strengths arising from their being embedded within local communities, especially being able to deliver a locally-relevant curriculum in children’s mother tongues. However, many ethnic schools have been isolated from resources and technical support and further constrained by aspects of the policy and institutional environment. The learning achievements of students in ethnic schools are not recognised nationally. This limits their opportunities for employment, or transfer to government schools for further education.
National education laws have long restricted children from ethnic areas being taught in their mother tongue resulting in lower learning outcomes and reducing the appropriateness and relevance of government schools to these communities. Changes made to the National Education Law in 2015 and progress in the development of national language policy principles represents considerable progress. However, substantial support will be required to implement reforms in practice.
Adventist Community Services (ACS)
Project areas: Kayin
About: Adventist Community Services Myanmar (ACS) has been operating under the umbrella of Seventh day Adventist Church as a part of community service program. ACS has implemented the different types of projects related to education, environment, livelihood and community health in Kayin State and Ayeyarwaddy region.
Project Goal: Increased number and proportion of children accessing and completing quality basic education.
Project Duration: ACS project is now finished and taken over by Adventist Development and Relief Agency Myanmar (ADRA).
Contact: Pr. Thang Kang Lo, Adventist Mission Director
Adventist Development and Relief Agency Myanmar (ADRA)
Project areas: Kayin State
About: The Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) Myanmar is a Christian based NGO aimed at alleviating poverty and creating sustainable development.
Project Goal: To increase number and proportion of children accessing and completing quality basic education
Karen Teacher Working Group (KTWG)
Project areas: Shan, Kachin, Mandalay
About: Karen Teacher Working Group (KTWG) was formed in September 1997and started as a series of summer teacher trainings within the Refugee camps along the Thai Burma Boarder. The KTWG program was the mobile teacher training program and programs emerged to pre service teacher training.
Project Goal: To create a significant improvement in the access to and quality of relevant and appropriate complementary education services throughout the project areas.
Contact: Scott O’Brien, Foreign Technical Adviser
Kayan New Generation Youth (KNGY)
Project areas: Shan, Kayah, Kayin, Mandalay
About: Kayan New Generation Youth (KNGY) was founded in 2002 in Thailand. KNGY is now working in– Education for Community children where government fail to support teacher in 100 villages and promoting young people capacity building such as computer skill and English skill as summer program.
Project Goal: To fulfil the urgent and important need of children education with a productive and effective strategy.
Contact: Khun Wai Lwin Oo, Program Manager
Nyein (Shalom) Foundation
Project areas: Kachin
About: Nyein Foundation envisages a peaceful and just society for all the peoples in Myanmar; a society that practices good governance and fosters a culture that rejects violence as a method for dealing with differences.
Project Goal: To increase the number and proportion of children accessing and completing quality basic education.